PDF | Grasscutter farming technology was introduced in Africa as an antidote to reduce hunting Ghana where farmers had opportunities to be trained. Ghana’s main sources of animal protein are fish, livestock and bush meat. Grasscutter production in Ghana was started by Asibey and also the Game and. Grasscutter farming is great if you have a space as small as a room, parking store or kitchen. They are very little trouble; they can get most or all.
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Citation of this paper. Recently, Teklewold et al made the same observation in poultry. The result of their work indicated that male household heads were potential adopters of exotic poultry breed than female farmers.
These findings might have stemmed from the fact that males give the nod if any member of the family wants to go into production of any kind; because the culture of the people studied mandates the male as the head of the family and therefore responsible for decisions taken in the house Berry This can affect the main objective of the grasscutter promotion projects which seek to improve the welfare of women and the youth Wontewe According to Rogersthe culture within the social system and the individuals who make up the social system can affect the diffusion of new ideas.
Gerland also identified people issues which included cultural traditions, as among the major barriers to diffusion and adoption process. Age Age was classified into youth, adult and the aged Table 2. Most of the farmers who adopted grasscutter farming were adults, followed by the youth and then the aged. For non-adopters, the youth formed the highest proportion, followed by adults and then the aged.
This probably means that majority of the people who went for the grasscutter training programmes were within the youth age group.
Although most of the youth were trained in grasscutter rearing majority of the people who went into actual production were adults Table 2. There was a significant negative correlation They observed that farmers who were above 39 years were most likely to have lower adoption rates, because older people fear the risk of poultry diseases and other unexpected events in exotic breed of poultry whilst young farmers tend to be more flexible in their decisions to adopt new ideas and technologies more rapidly.
In the former, both old and young farmers were not conversant with grasscutter rearing whilst in the latter situation a new breed was being introduced to replace an old one.
According to Pantanalimale adults are the sole decision-makers in most farming communities.
How to Start Grasscutter Farming in Ghana
Family property such as land and houses are directly controlled by the family heads who are usually adults. In circumstances like this adoption becomes a problem despite the fact that younger farmers are usually more innovative than the older ones. Marital status The marital status of respondents is shown in Table 3. Many of the adopters of grasscutter farming were married compared to single individuals and divorcees. However, unmarried individuals dominated the non-adopters, and there was no divorcee.
The results support the hypothesis that, as a good source of labour for animal production management, households with more family size are more likely to be adopters than families with lower family size Teklewold et al For instance, feeding cutting of grasscleaning and handling were identified as aspects of grasscutter keeping which were labour intensive.
Labour is said to be partly responsible for non-adoption, probably, due to the financial commitment involved. In view of this, potential adopters may want to depend on family labour than to hire, for possible reduction in the cost of production.
This re-emphasizes the point made that adopters may want to depend on their families as a source of labour. Adoption is significantly influenced by labour so potential adopters with small families are likely to shy away from adopting innovation. Occupation Farmers, traders and civil servants constituted the occupational status of respondents Table 4.
Farmers dominated both the adopter and non-adopter categories with respect to occupation. The correlation between occupation and adoption This indicates that occupation had no influence on adoption of grasscutter farming.
This is in line with the NGOs objective of reducing poverty among rural or urban farmers by providing them with requisite skills in grasscutter keeping. NGOs seek also to provide an alternative income generating activity for the farmers. Educational status The respondents were grouped into four; illiterate, basic school leaver, secondary and tertiary school leavers Table 5. Illiterates included school drop outs below basic school level. Most of the respondents were basic school leavers, followed by secondary, tertiary and illiterate in that order.
The coefficient of educational status in the adoption of grasscutter rearing was negative Traditionally, research has shown that there is positive correlation between level of education of farmers and the speed with which they pick an innovation Pantanali This means that farmers who are learned, that is, those who can read, understand and analyze issues are more capable of adopting a technology and vice versa. However, this trend is changing because in recent times, illiterates, school drop outs and basic school leavers learn from educated people in the society to effect economic change in their lives.
In an article to investigate the role of schooling at household and community levels in the adoption and diffusion of agricultural innovations in rural Ethiopia, Weir and Knight found out that those without schooling may eventually copy the educated.
They presented an evidence to suggest that there are two externality effects: Funding Majority of the respondents had some sort of problems with finance Table 6. Only a few could finance themselves. According to Pantanalirelative cost the amount of money needed to go into production and external dependence with respect to input supply, price and market are among the characteristic features of technology which have influence on adoption. Although the initial capital outlay is low compared to the traditional livestock enterprises, a sizeable amount of money is needed for the construction of cages and purchasing of start-up breeding stock.
They also suggested that credit facilities must be made available to the potential adopters to help facilitate adoption. This is confirmed by Just and Zilberman who introduced a credit constraint to their static model of adoption under uncertainty.
Marketing All the 50 respondents indicated that there ni a secured market for grasscutter meat. Not only is the demand high, farmers are also convinced of a secured price for their produce.
The market for both fresh and prdouction grasscutter meat is unlimited Kabir This is truly impetus to grasscutter farming because feasibility reports on grasscutter farming ventures grassxutter that the long term profitability is comparable to that of poultry and higher than cattle ranching Tutu et al The high sale of the grasscutter meat Houben makes its business not only profitable but also remunerative and very lucrative too Falconerif breeders will only be conscientious.
The prospect of grasscutter rearing is very bright either as a full-time job or part-time due to its high demand. According to Sunding and Zilberman when a new technology has a yield effect, if it is perceived to have higher rise or hindrances, its good price support policies and relative profitability leads to its adoption.
The respondents even confessed that most of the inhabitants would have wished to benefit from the grasscutter training ghama but financial commitment involved was their main concern. Unlike some bushmeat which may not be killed or touched because of religious dictates, traditional taboos or prejudices Vosthe grasscutter meat transcends religious prohibitions and even Muslims who do not consume rabbit or guinea pig are known to consume grasscutter Adoun This means that the grasscutter industry stands a greater chance of growing vigorously in the prkduction when other related factors such as finance, grasscuyter and labour are properly addressed.
Occupation had no influence on adoption.
These observations would suggest the existence of some farmers who would, in principle, adopt grasscutter farming under a given circumstance. Given grrasscutter, it is important for MOFA and NGOs to recognize the existence of the different group of farmers during training needs assessment, and give each group the appropriate training.
Most of the NGOs target women and the youth as their clients to support in grasscutter farming.
Factors influencing the adoption of grasscutter production in the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana
However, this study revealed that adoption rate of women and the youth was relatively low. It is recommended that NGOs should educate men to discourage their influence on their wives in adopting grasscutter farming.
NGOs should also empower the existing grasscutter farmers association by providing credit facilities for farmer trainees, especially women and the youth, to acquire breeding stock and cages. Furthermore, the government should develop a breeding system to produce breeding stock at affordable prices for farmers.
Acquis et perspectives, Cotonou, Benin, pp. Adu E K Research on grasscutter production in Ghana. K Atta-Agyapong and Rita Weidinger. October, Sunyani, Ghana. Qualitype Printing and Graphics, Accra, Ghana, pp. Biological Conservation, 6 1: GPO for the Library of Congress, Falconer J Non-timber forest products in southern Ghana: Galloway A In: A Workbook of Sampling.
Past, Present and Future. Anglin, 2 nd Edition, Eaglewood, Co: Data for Assessment, D. Just R E and Zilberman D Stochastic structure, farm size, and technology adoption in developing agriculture.
Oxford Economic Papers, 35 2: Kabir P The market potential for grasscutter production: Journey Education Marketing Inc. Sunding D and Zilberman D In: The Agricultural Innovation Process: The Economics of Wild Life: Edited by Bojo J, pp.
Grasscutter Production Is Challenging But Profitable – Rite FM
Dynamics of the adoption and diffusion of an innovation in rural Ethiopia. Economic Development and Cultural Change A state of the art paper — Rural development committee.
Ithaca, New York, Cornell University. Box 40, Mampong-Ashanti, Provuction sayannor yahoo. Grasscuttre support farmers with training to acquire knowledge and skills in grasscutter rearing.
Although some farmers are given training, they do not go into production. This study was aimed at finding out the factors facilitating or hindering the adoption of grasscutter farming in the Brong Ahafo region.
A total of 50 farmers comprising two focus groups adopters and non-adopters that were trained were identified and interviewed.
JOYCE-GIWU GRASSUTTER/RABBIT FARMS and TRAINING CENTRE (JGIGFATC)
The data was analyzed by using SPSS computer programme. Pearson Correlation was used to determine the relationship between adoption and the variables studied. Lack of breeding stock and initial capital required to purchase breeding stock and cages were found to be constraints.