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Retrieved from ” https: By contrast with the ‘first zanni’ Harlequin takes little or no part in the development of the plot. Between the 16th and 17th centuries Arlecchino gained some function as a politically aware character.

Popular characters with Gozzi and Goldoni, but said to be best when used for improvisations. Clown’s costume was “garishly colourful Early characteristics of Arlecchino paint the character as a second zanni servant from northern Italy with the paradoxical attributes of a dimwitted fool and an intelligent trickster.

La Locandiera Arlequin, valet de deux maîtres, Carlo Goldoni

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. One of the major distinctions of commedia dell’arte is the use of regional dialects. The re-interpretation of the “devil” stock character as a zanni character of the commedia dell’arte [15] took place in the 16th century in France.

Feral child Noble savage Caveman Moleman Mountain man. Goldon production was a hit, and the new costume design was copied by others in London.

University Of Chicago Press. Two developments inboth involving Joseph Grimaldigreatly changed the pantomime characters. Various troupes and actors would alter his behaviour to suit style, personal preferences, or even the particular scenario being performed. Name is said to mean “Tatterdemalion. Byronic hero Man alone Tragic hero. The Living and the Dead in Medieval Society. He later develops into a prototype of the romantic hero.


The role is traditionally believed to have been introduced by Zan Ganassa in the late 16th century, [2] was definitively popularized by arlequij Italian actor Tristano Martinelli in Paris in —, [3] and became a stock character after Martinelli’s death in The most influential such in Victorian England were William Payne and his sons the Payne Brothersthe latter active during the s and s.

Harlequin – Wikipedia

One theory posits that the name is derived from a bird with polychromatic feathers called a Harle [5] Another theory suggest that the name Harlequin is taken from that of a mischievous “devil” or “demon” character in popular Voldoni passion plays.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Truffa, Truffaldin or Truffaldino. Jungle girl Magical girl. In 18th century FranceTrivelino was a distinct character from Harlequin.

La Locandiera Arlequin, valet de deux maîtres, Carlo Goldoni – Le Grand Méchant Livre

The Harlequin character first appeared in England early in the 17th century and took centre stage in the derived genre of the Harlequinadedeveloped in the early 18th century by John Rich. Commedia dell’arte characters Stupid Zanni class characters Stock characters Fictional tricksters Fictional jesters Clowns Ogldoni occupations Commedia dell’arte male characters.

He wears a fox’s brush, a large three-tiered collarette, wide breeches, and a loose jacket tied tightly by a belt. Harlequin was modified to become “romantic and mercurial, instead of mischievous”, leaving Grimaldi’s mischievous and brutish Clown as the “undisputed agent” of chaos, and the foil for the more sophisticated Harlequin, who retained stylized dance poses.

The character would never perform a simple action when the addition of a cartwheelsomersault, or flip would spice up the movement. Wise old man Elderly martial arts master Magical Negro. Harlequin in His Element. These authors speculate that Ganassa may have dropped the role in Spain, since apparently he gained too much weight to perform the required acrobatics. The primary aspect of Arlecchino was his physical agility. Harlequin inherits his physical agility and his trickster qualities, as well as his name, from a mischievous ” devil ” character in medieval passion plays.


Bad boy Gentleman thief Pirate Air pirate Space pirate. In the seventeenth century, a variety of anonymous engravings show Guazzetto rollicking, similar to Arlechino. Originally speaking in a Bergamo dialect, the character adopted a mixture of French and Italian dialects when the character became more of fixture in France so as to help the performers to connect to the common masses.

Guazzetto’s mask is characterized with a hooked nose and a mustache. Sandafter p. The physical appearance of Hellequin offers an explanation for the traditional colours of Harlequin’s red-and-black mask.

Dark Lord Mad scientist Supervillain. He is therefore always on the go, very agile and more acrobatic than any of the other Masks. As developed by Joseph Grimaldi aroundClown became the mischievous and brutish foil for the more sophisticated Harlequin, who became more of a romantic character. The Harlequin is characterized by his chequered costume. He also is known to try to win any given lady for himself if he chances upon anyone else trying to woo her, by interrupting or ridiculing the new competitor.

Final girl Princess and dragon.